The mausoleums Nadzhimetdin Kubra and Sultan Ali

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The mausoleums Nadzhimetdin Kubra and Sultan Ali
The mausoleums Nadzhimetdin Kubra and Sultan Ali The mausoleums Nadzhimetdin Kubra and Sultan Ali

The mausoleums Nadzhimetdin Kubra and Sultan Ali located in a Muslim cemetery, which was formed over many centuries around the ancient burial structures.
Both mausoleums are on the a common axis and facing portals to each other, forming an intimate courtyard. On the other hand courtyard limited adobe and brick buildings hujras (cells) and aivans (terrace), where there is a shelter pilgrims who believed in the healing power of the burial of the famous preacher of Islam Nadzhimetdin Kubra, who was killed in Urgench during the Mongol invasion.
Nadzhimetdin Kubra mausoleum consists of three parts: the tomb of the preacher, and two square rooms on either side of the entrance. The door to the deep portal leads into the square a small room, covered by a cupola. This kind of vestibule or entrance hall. From his doors open in three directions: right - a large square Nadzhimetdin Kubra mausoleum covered dome; left - into a smaller square, too domed room with graves of unknown persons, and to the right, where there are the same size square room with a dome. All four rooms with domes of different sizes make up the bulk composition of the picturesque oriented high portal in the side yard between this structure and the mausoleum of Sultan Ali.
A constructive solution of the mausoleum Nadzhimetdina Kubra is traditionally. It is covered with a lancet, in a brick dome resting on a drum with console shestnadtsatigrannom sails below - to octagon with arched sails and tetrahedron with shallow lancet niches in each wall. In the mausoleum are unique tombstones, standing, according to legend, one - on the ashes of the preacher, the other - in the form of high (about two meters), four-sided prism - the burial place of his head, cut off the Mongol conqueror.

Mausoleum of Sultan Ali has no external or interior decoration and inscriptions. Significant its dimensions (face internal hexagon about 5 m dome diameter of about 9.5 m), the undoubted desire builders play a rare composition of dynastic mausoleum heyday Urgench extremely important location in the vicinity of the mausoleum and the composite due to the very revered burial place Nadzhimetdin Kubra and finally, the traditional binding built to the name of Sultan Ali allow to clarify the attribution of this building.
From the history of Turkmenistan is known that in the middle of the XIV century there was Sultan Ali - the most influential of all members of Khan's family, who owned, in particular, and Urgench. After the death of Sultan Ali in 1565, his successor, Haji Mohammed Khan, who lived before the north-west of Urgench in Wazir (now the ruins of the Daewoo-Keski-kala), transferred his residence to Urgench. It was then that could have started the construction of the tomb of Sultan Ali. At the same time, deciding the question of the nature of the tomb, the new ruler of the sample took mausoleum Sufidov with a definite ideological and political objective - shaped in the form of architectural continuity and reflect the grandeur dotimurovskih rulers of Khorezm.

Mausoleum of Sultan Ali of interest mainly in the ensemble of the tomb Nadzhimetdin Kubra.
Several surviving monuments in Old Urgench reveal the character of the medieval culture of Khorezm. The historical role of Urgench and great monuments because they were those samples that had a huge impact on the architecture of Timur Empire, mainly in the field of decorative furniture. Maybe it comes from Urgench type gantry structures, which have become traditional Central Asian architecture from the time of the Mongol invasion.

Original and unique buildings Urgench, exceptional technical quality and great artistic effect to refer them to the best monuments belonging to the treasury of peoples and architecture here pilgrims from around the world.

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Dashoguz region, Koneurgech

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